Currency Pairs and Their Characteristics (Lesson 4)

Of course, we can’t business foreign exchange without knowing about them. There are a huge amount of foreign exchange that investors can choose from for developing their deals and domain portfolios, but most currency dealing investors will concentrate on a few of the more commonly traded, and liquid sets such as the EUR/USD, GBP/JPY, or USD/CHF, which are all foreign exchange of significant abilities. It is possible to split foreign exchange into many different groups based on the factors chosen, but in general currency dealing account position and attention rate guidelines of main financial institutions are the most essential values for identifying them.

If we try to split foreign exchange on the basis of economical soundness and economical guidelines, the following is one possible classification.

Reserve Currencies

These are the foreign exchange of countries which have a prominent part in international economical dealings. The European Partnership, Asia, the United States are the essential abilities the foreign exchange of which fill the coffers of main financial institutions around the globe. Among those, the function of the Japanese people Yen as a source currency dealing has been reducing since the 90’s, while that of the European has been increasing consistently since the launch of the currency dealing. Among all those changes however, the US Money has were the one significant currency dealing that has the greatest variety over everything else in main bank currency dealing proportion. With about sixty-six per cent of international currency dealing supplies denominated in the dollar, the USD is the source currency dealing of the globe.

For investors, an essential principle is that source foreign exchange as a group tend to devalue in periods of growth, and to appreciate at periods of economical trouble. This is a generalization; unnecessary to say there is a level of difference among the behavior of different foreign exchange, but due to the economical structure of the international economic system, business activities usually leads to abundant supply of source foreign exchange during robust economical growth.

Commodity Currencies

Currencies such as the Australia and Canada Dollars, the Brazil Real, the South Africa Rand, or the European Ruble, which are the monetary units of product dispatching countries, are known as product foreign exchange. There’s a great level of variety among product foreign exchange in terms of business balance or economical complexity. However, due to the huge currency dealing inflows generated by continues from the sales of products, the value of these foreign exchange is highly dependent on the lightness of international product market.

Exporter Currencies

Currencies of countries like Singapore, Asia, China, with huge currency dealing supplies gathered through exports, are known as exporter foreign exchange. The value of these foreign exchange is related highly to the wellness of the international economic system. As they depend on people from other countries for economical lightness, any interference to the wellness of the international economic climate can have outsized repercussions for these countries. Nonetheless, due to their huge currency dealing supplies they are well-placed to face the impact of any economical shock better than most of their colleagues.

High-risk currencies

These may also are supposed to be to any of the other categories. High-risk foreign exchange are the foreign exchange of countries with good failures (budget or trade), and great attention levels. Examples are Romanian Leu, foreign exchange of Baltic countries, or Poultry. These foreign exchange appreciate at periods of growth, as investment from developed financial systems is forwarded to their resources, and devalue during recessions and downturn, as international investment discards risky resources.


Although the explanations above may sound easy and brief, they already contain much of the basic concepts that are essential for currency dealing investors. The key to a successful dealing career is carefully analyzing the acquireable details, and developing a structured and easy strategy which can be used to use the details for profit. How do we evaluate the data? What kind of tools do we use to appear sensible of the acquireable and complicated details that we must sort out to generate dealing signals? This is the subject of currency dealing analysis, which we’ll discuss in the next section.

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